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Claim denied Learner driver who got previous accident payouts of €70k loses diesel on road injury claim

The judge had “misgivings” about the reliability of Ms Quinlivan’s memory


The Four Courts

The Four Courts

The Four Courts

A learner driver who claimed she suffered a back injury after a diesel spill on a road allegedly caused her car to crash into a bridge has lost her High Court damages action.

Mr Justice Michael Twomey concluded Kellie Quinlivan had not established, on the balance of probabilities, the diesel spill caused the accident on the morning of July 6, 2015, in Co Laois.

The judge had “misgivings” about the reliability of Ms Quinlivan’s memory for reasons including, at a meeting in her solicitor’s office prior to her case being heard, she told a Motor Insurers’ Bureau of Ireland (MIBI) doctor she had no previous accidents.

She had in fact secured €20,000 over an accident in 2010 and her solicitor later corrected that “relevant and important” error by her, he noted. She had also given an account to a psychiatrist suggesting the accident was “more severe than it was”.

Ms Quinlivan, a healthcare assistant in 2015, of Assumption Park, Roscrea, Co Tipperary, sued the MIBI over the accident on a secondary road between Borris-in-Ossory and Rathdowney.

She claimed she was entitled to be compensated by the MIBI because the diesel spill was caused by negligent use of a vehicle by an unidentified driver.

She told the court, as she approached a bend in the road before the bridge, she felt the back of her car skid, it crashed into the left side of the bridge, spun around and stopped on the opposite side of the road. She saw a “rainbow” colour on the road and believed her car skidded due to a diesel spillage.

Mr Justice Twomey said this was the second of three separate accidents in which Ms Quinlivan has suffered such injuries. She received €20,000 compensation from Tipperary County Council in 2010 for back and shoulder shoulders when the car she was in went into a pothole.

After the 2015 accident subject of this case, she was involved in an accident in 2018 resulting in a €50,000 settlement over damage to her back, neck and shoulder.

There was thus a significant overlap between those injuries and the injuries claimed in this case, he said.

He noted Ms Quinlivan was driving alone, in contravention of the law, at the time of the accident.

As there was no witness to the accident, Ms Quinlivan had to prove, on the balance of probabilities, the accident occurred as she claimed, rather than some other cause, such as excess speed. Her evidence was she was travelling about 50kph when engineering evidence was that a safe speed was 40kph on a dry day and this day was wet.

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The court must apply an “appropriate scepticism” towards ‘no witness’ claims, not because of any dishonesty on a plaintiff’s part, but because human nature is such memories and accounts tend to become “unwittingly adjusted” because of potential financial consequences for plaintiffs on their evidence.

Analysing the evidence, he said two other witnesses who came on the scene gave evidence of oil on the road and a third witness said he could see “oil or water” on the road.

He preferred evidence of a Garda, who investigated the incident and took photos at the scene, of not seeing any diesel until he reached the apex of the bridge and that most of a section of diesel about a foot or two in width was on the opposite side of the road to which Ms Quinlivan was travelling.

The judge also preferred the Garda’s evidence to Ms Quinlivan’s evidence she skidded on the approach to the bridge, saying that was inconsistent with her statement to gardaí 24 days after the accident when she said, among other things, the back of her car kicked out around the middle of the bridge.

On the balance of probabilities, he found her car went into a skid as she was driving it on the apex of the bridge, there was no diesel on the road leading up to the bridge but only on the apex of the bridge, and the diesel could not have caused the crash.

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